On Whitehead

  1. Hegel’s evolutionary idealism (naturalism)
  • Hegels phenomenology of spirit, there is no substance but processes: the dialectical self conscious unfolding through time (absolute spirit)
  • Whitehead inverts Hegel and creates evolutionary naturalism (realism)
  • Electromagnetic theory, quantum mechanics, theory of relativity
  • Fallacies of science: fallacy of misplaced concreteness (reification), fallacy of simple coordinates (space time simplification)
  • Philosophy of science has two tasks: Flights of metaphysical imagination and critical philosophy applied to science (using fallacies from b)
  • We use two things: science facts (nature is value-laden, we must construct value from facts) and concrete experience
  • Middle platonism development of the structure of logos manifested in every being (Emnation)
  • Initially wanted to be a theologian but became a mathematician with Bertrand Russell instead
  1. Perception in the mode of causal efficacy
  • Affective rather than cognitive consciousness, the awareness is less vivid in visual perception but more vivid in auditory (loud noise, experience the loudness before you know what caused the noise) (if the light is bright enough, you will feel it first rather than conceptualize first)
  • To feel
  • Direct knowledge or Existence
  • The cognitive content, the idea
  • To conceptualize
  • Hypothetical conceptualization, representational knowledge
  • Ideas as symbols of reference rather than simply representational copies of knowledge)
  • Indirect knowledge of Essence of object

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